范例

目录

Example collection.xml and collection.xsl files

Many examples in this reference require both an XML and an XSL file. We will use collection.xml and collection.xsl that contains the following:

示例 #1 collection.xml

<collection>
 <cd>
  <title>Fight for your mind</title>
  <artist>Ben Harper</artist>
  <year>1995</year>
 </cd>
 <cd>
  <title>Electric Ladyland</title>
  <artist>Jimi Hendrix</artist>
  <year>1997</year>
 </cd>
</collection>

示例 #2 collection.xsl

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
 <xsl:param name="owner" select="'Nicolas Eliaszewicz'"/>
 <xsl:output method="html" encoding="iso-8859-1" indent="no"/>
 <xsl:template match="collection">
  Hey! Welcome to <xsl:value-of select="$owner"/>'s sweet CD collection! 
  <xsl:apply-templates/>
 </xsl:template>
 <xsl:template match="cd">
  <h1><xsl:value-of select="title"/></h1>
  <h2>by <xsl:value-of select="artist"/> - <xsl:value-of select="year"/></h2>
  <hr />
 </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Error handling with libxml error handling functions

libxml offers a number of functions for handling errors, which can be employed to capture and deal with errors in XSLT processing.

示例 #1 fruits.xml

A valid XML file.

<fruits>
 <fruit>Apple</fruit>
 <fruit>Banana</fruit>
 <fruit>Cherry</fruit>
</fruits>

示例 #2 fruits.xsl

Contains an invalid select expression.

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
 <xsl:output method="html" encoding="utf-8" indent="no"/>
 <xsl:template match="fruits">
  <ul>
   <xsl:apply-templates/>
  </ul>
 </xsl:template>
 <xsl:template match="fruit">
  <li><xsl:value-of select="THIS IS A DELIBERATE ERROR!"/></li>
 </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

示例 #3 Collating and printing errors

The example below captures and displays libxml errors raised when calling XSLTProcessor::importStyleSheet with a stylesheet containing an error.

<?php

$xmldoc = new DOMDocument();
$xsldoc = new DOMDocument();
$xsl = new XSLTProcessor();

$xmldoc->loadXML('fruits.xml');
$xsldoc->loadXML('fruits.xsl');

libxml_use_internal_errors(true);
$result = $xsl->importStyleSheet($xsldoc);
if (!$result) {
    foreach (libxml_get_errors() as $error) {
        echo "Libxml error: {$error->message}\n";
    }
}
libxml_use_internal_errors(false);

if ($result) {
    echo $xsl->transformToXML($xmldoc);
}

?>

以上例程的输出类似于:

Libxml error: Invalid expression

Libxml error: compilation error: file fruits.xsl line 9 element value-of
Libxml error: xsl:value-of : could not compile select expression 'THIS IS A DELIBERATE ERROR!'